Produzir Software Livre

Como Gerir um Projecto de Software Livre com Sucesso

Karl Fogel

(Autor)

Ari Constâncio

(Tradutor)

Carlos Afonso

(Tradutor)

Dedicatória

Este livro é dedicado a dois queridos amigos, sem os quais não teria sido possível: Karen Underhill e Jim Blandy.

Índice

Prefácio
Porquê escrever este livro?
Quem deve ler este livro?
Fontes
Agradecimentos
Aviso
1. Introdução
História
O aparecimento do Software Proprietário e do Software Livre
Resistência Consciente
Resistência Acidental
"Free" Versus "Open Source"
A Situação Hoje
2. Getting Started
Começando com o que tem
Escolha um Bom Nome
Have a Clear Mission Statement
State That the Project is Free
Features and Requirements List
Development Status
Downloads
Version Control and Bug Tracker Access
Communications Channels
Developer Guidelines
Documentation
Availability of documentation
Developer documentation
Example Output and Screenshots
Canned Hosting
Choosing a License and Applying It
The "Do Anything" Licenses
The GPL
How to Apply a License to Your Software
Setting the Tone
Avoid Private Discussions
Nip Rudeness in the Bud
Practice Conspicuous Code Review
When Opening a Formerly Closed Project, be Sensitive to the Magnitude of the Change
Announcing
3. Technical Infrastructure
What a Project Needs
Mailing Lists
Spam Prevention
Filtering posts
Address hiding in archives
Identification and Header Management
The Great Reply-to Debate
Two fantasies
Archiving
Software
Version Control
Version Control Vocabulary
Choosing a Version Control System
Using the Version Control System
Version everything
Browsability
Commit emails
Use branches to avoid bottlenecks
Singularity of information
Authorization
Bug Tracker
Interaction with Mailing Lists
Pre-Filtering the Bug Tracker
IRC / Real-Time Chat Systems
Bots
Archiving IRC
RSS Feeds
Wikis
Web Site
Canned Hosting
Choosing a canned hosting site
Anonymity and involvement
4. Infra-estrutura Social e Política
Ditador Benevolente
Quem Pode Ser um Bom Ditador Benevolente?
Democracia com Base em Consenso
O Controlo de Versão Significa que Pode Relaxar
Quando não se Consegue Alcançar Consenso, Vote
Quando Votar
Quem Vota?
Sondagem Versus Votação
Vetos
Colocar Tudo por Escrito
5. Dinheiro
Tipos de Envolvimento
Empregue a Longo Prazo
Aparecer como Vários e Não como Um
Seja Aberto Sobre as Suas Motivações
O Dinheiro Não lhe Pode Comprar Amor
Contracting
Review and Acceptance of Changes
Case study: the CVS password-authentication protocol
Funding Non-Programming Activities
Quality Assurance (i.e., Professional Testing)
Legal Advice and Protection
Documentation and Usability
Providing Hosting/Bandwidth
Marketing
Remember That You Are Being Watched
Don't Bash Competing Open Source Products
6. Communications
You Are What You Write
Structure and Formatting
Content
Tone
Recognizing Rudeness
Face
Avoiding Common Pitfalls
Don't Post Without a Purpose
Productive vs Unproductive Threads
The Softer the Topic, the Longer the Debate
Avoid Holy Wars
The "Noisy Minority" Effect
Difficult People
Handling Difficult People
Case study
Handling Growth
Conspicuous Use of Archives
Treat all resources like archives
Codifying Tradition
No Conversations in the Bug Tracker
Publicity
Announcing Security Vulnerabilities
Receive the report
Develop the fix quietly
CAN/CVE numbers
Pre-notification
Distribute the fix publicly
7. Packaging, Releasing, and Daily Development
Release Numbering
Release Number Components
The Simple Strategy
The Even/Odd Strategy
Release Branches
Mechanics of Release Branches
Stabilizing a Release
Dictatorship by Release Owner
Change Voting
Managing collaborative release stabilization
Release manager
Packaging
Format
Name and Layout
To capitalize or not to capitalize
Pre-releases
Compilation and Installation
Binary Packages
Testing and Releasing
Candidate Releases
Announcing Releases
Maintaining Multiple Release Lines
Security Releases
Releases and Daily Development
Planning Releases
8. Managing Volunteers
Getting the Most Out of Volunteers
Delegation
Distinguish clearly between inquiry and assignment
Follow up after you delegate
Notice what people are interested in
Praise and Criticism
Prevent Territoriality
The Automation Ratio
Automated testing
Treat Every User as a Potential Volunteer
Share Management Tasks as Well as Technical Tasks
Patch Manager
Translation Manager
Documentation Manager
Issue Manager
FAQ Manager
Transitions
Committers
Choosing Committers
Revoking Commit Access
Partial Commit Access
Dormant Committers
Avoid Mystery
Credit
Forks
Handling a Fork
Initiating a Fork
9. Licenses, Copyrights, and Patents
Terminology
Aspects of Licenses
The GPL and License Compatibility
Choosing a License
The MIT / X Window System License
The GNU General Public License
Is the GPL free or not free?
What About The BSD License?
Copyright Assignment and Ownership
Doing Nothing
Contributor License Agreements
Transfer of Copyright
Dual Licensing Schemes
Patents
Further Resources
A. Free Version Control Systems
B. Free Bug Trackers
C. Why Should I Care What Color the Bikeshed Is?
D. Example Instructions for Reporting Bugs
E. Copyright